ARIA Haspopup property

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This page demonstrates uses of the aria-haspopup attribute.

  • Tooltips are not considered popups under ARIA

Please note: According to the current ARIA 1.0 specification the aria-haspopup attribute should only be used to indicate the presence of a menu, submenu, or button menu. Under ARIA 1.0 the aria-haspopup attribute should not be used to indicate when a dialog or modal window will open. These are potential good uses for the attribute and are addressed by future versions of the ARIA specification. Currently screen readers such as JAWS and NVDA will announce "menu", "sub menu", or "haspopup" for the different uses of this attribute. See below for ARIA 1.1.

Note: The controls below have the attribute set to "true" but do not actually have a menu associated with them. Thus, nothing will happen when you interact with the control.

Input type color (browser support varies)

Input type button

Button element

Link

Colors

Span with role of button

Colors

Radio button

ARIA 1.1 values for the aria-haspopup property

Values under 1.1 are:

  • menu
  • listbox
  • tree
  • grid
  • dialog
  • "true" is supported for backward compatibility and maps to "menu"

These values should only be used when they match the role of the popup container.

Buttons with various haspopup values

Links with various haspopup values

Link with menu attached
Link with list box attached
Link with tree attached
Link with grid attached
Link with dialog attached

Radio buttons with various haspopup values

Menu:
Listbox:
Tree:
Grid:
Dialog:

Input with various haspopup values

Menu:
Listbox:
Tree:
Grid:
Dialog:

Button with aria-expanded

A widget can appear as a popup, while the button that triggered the popup remains interactive and hides the popup. (Experimental)

HasPopup=true, not expanded:
HasPopup=true, expanded:
Menu, not expanded:
Menu, expanded:
Listbox, not expanded:
Listbox, expanded:
Tree, not expanded:
Tree, expanded:
Grid, not expanded:
Grid, expanded:
Dialog, not expanded:
Dialog, expanded:

Assistive Technology

  • iOS 10.3.3 and VoiceOver
    • ARIA 1.0 "true": Announced as "shows popup"
    • ARIA 1.1 values: Not announced. No pop-up indication provided at all.
    • ARIA 1.0 "true" and aria-expanded: Announced as "shows popup". The aria-expanded state is not announced.
    • ARIA 1.1 values and aria-expanded: Pop-up values are not announced. The aria-expanded state is announced as "expanded" or "collapsed".
  • JAWS 18 (tested with Firefox 56.0 and Internet Explorer 11)
    • On links: Announces appropriate popup value like "listbox", "grid", etc.
    • On radio buttons: Announces appropriate popup value like "listbox", "grid", etc.
    • On buttons: Announces "menu", regardless of haspopup value
      • Exception: If the button also has an aria-expanded attribute, in JAWS + Internet Explorer (not Firefox), when not in forms mode, it announces both "menu" and the appropriate popup value. Example: "menu [collapsed|expanded] haspopup dialog".
    • On text inputs: Announces "has popup", regardless of haspopup value
    • On other element types: Announces "has popup", regardless of haspopup value
  • NVDA 2017.3 + Firefox 56.0
    • On buttons
      • With haspopup "true": Announces "menu button submenu"
      • With ARIA 1.1 values: Announces "button submenu"
      • With aria-expanded: Same "menu button submenu" or "button submenu" announcements. The aria-expanded state is announced as "expanded" or "collapsed".
    • On text inputs
      • In forms mode: Announces "edit with autocomplete submenu"
      • Not in forms mode: Announces "edit submenu"
    • On other element types: Announces "[element type] submenu"
  • NVDA 2017.3 + Internet Explorer 11
    • ARIA 1.0 "true": Announced as "submenu"
    • ARIA 1.1 values: Not announced. No pop-up indication provided at all.
    • ARIA 1.0 "true" and aria-expanded: Announced as "submenu". The aria-expanded state is announced as "expanded" or "collapsed".
    • ARIA 1.1 values and aria-expanded: Pop-up values are not announced. The aria-expanded state is announced as "expanded" or "collapsed".

JAWS 18 support (Firefox 56.0 and Internet Explorer 11)

This is the same information as above, in a table format.

JAWS announcements
Button Input text Input radio Link
aria-haspopup="true" menu haspopup haspopup haspopup
aria-haspopup="menu" menu haspopup has pop up menu has pop up menu
aria-haspopup="listbox" menu haspopup has pop up listbox has pop up listbox
aria-haspopup="tree" menu haspopup has pop up tree has pop up tree
aria-haspopup="grid" menu haspopup has pop up grid has pop up grid
aria-haspopup="dialog" menu haspopup has pop up dialog has pop up dialog