ARIA Haspopup property

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Revision as of 04:00, 10 October 2017 by Mevan (talk | contribs) (Assistive Technology: No need for the extra IE table, since almost everything is the same. Add the exception for aria-expanded)
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This page demonstrates uses of the aria-haspopup attribute.

  • Tooltips are not considered popups under ARIA

Please note: According to the current ARIA 1.0 specification the aria-haspopup attribute should only be used to indicate the presence of a menu, submenu, or button menu. Under ARIA 1.1 the aria-haspopup attribute should not be used to indicate when a dialog or modal window will open. These are potential good uses for the attribute and are addressed by future versions of the ARIA specification. Currently screen readers such as JAWS and NVDA will announce "menu", "sub menu", or "haspopup" for the different uses of this attribute.

Note: The controls below have the attribute set to "true" but do not actually have a menu associated with them. Thus, nothing will happen when you interact with the control.

Input text field

Input type button

Button element



Span with role of button


Radio button

ARIA 1.1 values for the aria-haspopup property

Values under 1.1 are:

  • menu
  • listbox
  • tree
  • grid
  • dialog
  • "true" is supported for backward compatibility and maps to "menu"

Buttons with varies haspopup values

Links with varies haspopup values

Link with menu attached
Link with list box attached
Link with tree attached
Link with grid attached
Link with dialog attached

Radio buttons with various haspopup values


Input with various haspopup values


Toggle button for a non-modal dialog

Not expanded:

Assistive Technology

  • iOS 10.3.3 and VoiceOver ARIA 1.0 "true" announced as "shows popup"
  • iOS 10.3.3 and VoiceOver ARIA 1.1 values not supported. No pop-up indication provided at all.
  • JAWS 18 (tested with Firefox 56.0 and Internet Explorer 11) announces the following.
    • appropriate popup value like "listbox, grid, etc" for link and for radio button
    • "menu" for button, regardless of haspopup value
      • Exception: In Internet Explorer but not in Firefox, if the button also has an aria-expanded attribute, then JAWS does announce appropriate popup value. Example: "menu [collapsed|expanded] haspopup dialog"
    • "haspopup" for input type text, regardless of haspopup value
    • "haspopup" for other element types, regardless of haspopup value
  • NVDA 2017.2 -- announces the same for all values of haspopup
    • on inputs announced as "has autocomplete"
    • on all other announced as "submenu"

JAWS 18 support (Firefox 56.0)

JAWS announcements
Button Input text Input radio Link
aria-haspopup="true" menu haspopup haspopup haspopup
aria-haspopup="menu" menu haspopup has pop up menu has pop up menu
aria-haspopup="listbox" menu haspopup has pop up listbox has pop up listbox
aria-haspopup="tree" menu haspopup has pop up tree has pop up tree
aria-haspopup="grid" menu haspopup has pop up grid has pop up grid
aria-haspopup="dialog" menu haspopup has pop up dialog has pop up dialog